Despite growing public awareness and policy efforts, gender equality has not yet been fully established in Western societies. Previous research has shown that hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes, which are grounded in traditional gender stereotypes, play a key role in the reproduction of gender inequalities. Whereas, hostile and benevolent sexism among adolescents has been previously studied, limited attention has been paid to social characteristics in understanding the support for these attitudes. In this article, we aim to study how the family, the school and romantic partnerships relate to adolescents’ benevolent and hostile sexist attitudes. We relied on data gathered in 2013 by the Flemish Youth Research Platform and performed multivariate analyses on 755 parent-child dyads (n> = 342; n+ = 413). Our results indicate that social characteristics especially matter to explain the variation in benevolent sexist attitudes among girls and hostile sexist attitudes among boys. Among girls, being in a romantic relationship and parents’ traditional moral beliefs was strongly related to benevolent sexism; while for boys, hostile sexism was strongly related to being enrolled in technical and vocational education. In the conclusion, we elaborate on the implications of our findings.
In recent times sex equality has not yet simply obtained increasing social appeal, however, likewise has be a significant rules material in Western communities. But not, despite long lasting jobs, gender equality has never started totally created in regards to a career rate, labor field reputation, percentage, involvement for the decision-and work out ranks, workshare in the house and you may childcare (The nation Financial, 2011; Eu, 2017). Although numerous explanations put about these chronic gender inequalities, it is unignorable you to definitely antique intercourse thinking and you may stereotypes (we.age., gender prejudice) gamble a key role. Very early in life, men, and you can female is actually taught ideas on how to react, what items so you can including otherwise manage and you will what playthings otherwise clothing so you’re able to prefer (Eccles et al., 2000). On the ages of 4 to help you five years old, pupils reveal sex stereotypical choice that have, for example, people preferring close reports and you may people bending to your the greater adventurous of them (Durkin and you may Nugent, 1998). Such intercourse stereotypes carry social meanings, techniques and you may (role) expectations you to definitely organize lifestyle by the often (subtly) influencing and guiding people’s values, ideas, thinking, and you will habits (Eckes and you will Trautner, 2000; Ridgeway and you may Correll, 2004). During youthfulness, these types of sex stereotypes trigger girls and boys generally spending time having same-intercourse co-worker and you can playfully to prevent each other (Powlishta, 2003; ). Through the puberty which cures video game disappears due to the introduction off intimate interest and you may a desire for closeness (Maccoby, 1998; Rudman and you will Glick, 2008). Such moving on intergroup relationship offer the research out of adolescents’ sexist thinking quite interesting. Sexist perceptions and you may opinions confine and you will dictate upcoming lifetime trajectories of the (commonly discreetly) affecting values, attitude, and you can practices (Eckes and you will Trautner, 2000; Ridgeway and you may Correll, 2004). They suggest gender-certain habits and opportunities one to obstruct more youthful people’s capacity to discern the various psychological, social, and you can informative capabilities and you may options which is often envisioned (Rainey and you will Corrosion, 1999; Paul Halpern and Perry-Jenkins, 2016). Fundamentally, so it undermines (policy) jobs one to focus on intercourse equivalence (Glick ainsi que al., 2001).
In what personal contexts perform sexist perceptions occur after that? Studies have not even carefully read the fresh new you can societal version of sexist attitudes among kids. Despite having a massive extra value within the gaining sense on the sexist attitudes, really look with this point could have been generally accomplished by psychologists which commonly manage apparently smaller than average homogeneous samples. Mathematically it’s got hence already been difficult to studies the fresh new public type off sexist thinking. Earlier browse one of (young) adults has recently revealed that socio-financial factors including money, jobs position and you may informative attainment apply to man’s socio-governmental perceptions (Crompton and Lyonette, 2005; Davis and you will Greenstein, 2009; ). Predicated on that it, we assume one to man’s personal records issues whenever chatrandom Jak pouЕѕГvat understanding sexist perceptions. Ergo, this research is designed to speak about exactly how socio-economic and social points connect to one another benevolent and you will aggressive sexist thinking among kids out-of a sociological perspective. I do that by using Glick and Fiske’s (1996) distinction between aggressive and you can benevolent sexist perceptions. To know brand new socio-economic and social background from teenagers we separate ranging from ascribed and you will achieved public properties.